THE 5 PILLARS OF ISLAM
According to the teachings of Prophet Muhammad (صلى الله عليه و سلم),Islam is based on the following five pillars:
1. To testify that there is no true God but Allah and that Muhammad (صلى الله عليه و سلم) is His last Messenger and the seal (last) of prophets.
2. To perform prayers (5 times a day)
3. To pay zakat (Charity-poor due once a year).
4. To fast during the month of Ramadhan.
5. To perform hajj (Pilgrimage - Once in a lifetime, if one
THE FUNDAMENTAL ARTICLES OF IMAN (FAITH)
To believe in:1. Allah
2. His Angels
3. His revealed Books
4. His Messengers
5. The Day of Resurrection
6. Al-Qadr; Whatever Allah has ordained must come to pass (In other words, fate and destiny).
Brief description of five pillars of Islam
Islam is based on five pillars which the Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) has explained for us, when he said: “Islam is built upon five [pillars]: the testimony that there is no god but Allaah and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allaah; establishing regular prayer (salaah); paying the zakaah; Hajj (pilgrimage) and fasting Ramadaan.” (Agreed upon; narrated by al-Bukhaari)
Islam is both belief and laws, in which Allaah and His Messenger have told us what is halaal and what is haraam, morals and good manners, acts of worship and how to interact with people, rights and duties, and scenes of the resurrection. When Allaah completed this religion, He chose it to be the way of life for all of mankind until the Hour begins:
“This day, I have perfected your religion for you, completed My Favour upon you, and have chosen for you Islam as your religion
[al-Maa'idah 5:3 – interpretation of the meaning]
These are the pillars of Islam and the principles upon which it is based:
The first pillar: al-Shahaadatayn (the twin testimony of faith)
This means that a person believes that Allaah alone is the Lord, Sovereign and Controller, the Creator and Provider. He affirms all His most beautiful names and the sublime attributes that Allaah has affirmed for Himself or that His Prophet affirmed for Him. He believes that Allaah alone, and no one else, is the Only One Who is deserving of worship, as Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):
“He is the Originator of the heavens and the earth. How can He have children when He has no wife? He created all things and He is the All-Knower of everything.
Such is Allaah, your Lord! Laa ilaaha illa Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He), the Creator of all things. So worship Him (Alone), and He is the Wakeel (Trustee, Disposer of affairs or Guardian) over all thingsal-Baqarah 2:238]
The five daily prayers are obligatory upon every Muslim man and woman, night and day:
“Verily, As‑Salaah (the prayer) is enjoined on the believers at fixed hoursal-Baqarah 2:45]
The five daily prayers wipe out sins, as the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Do you not think that if there was a river at the door of any one of you, and he were to bathe in it five times each day, would there by any dirt left on him?” They said, “No dirt would be left on him at all.” He said, “That is the likeness of the five daily prayers, by means of which Allaah erases sin.”
Prayer in the mosque is a means of entering Paradise. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Whoever comes and goes to the mosque, Allaah will prepare for him a house in Paradise for each time he comes and goes.” (Narrated by Muslim, no. 669)
Prayer brings the slave and his Creator together. It was the delight of the Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him). Whenever any matter grieved him, he would turn to prayer and converse with his Lord and call upon Him, seeking His forgiveness and asking Him of His bounty.
Prayer done with proper humility and fear of Allaah brings the Muslim closer to his Lord, and keeps him from doing evil, as Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):
“Recite (O Muhammad) what has been revealed to you of the Book (the Qur’aan), and perform As‑Salaah (Iqaamat‑as‑Salaah). Verily, As‑Salaah (the prayer) prevents from Al‑Fahsha’ (i.e. great sins of every kind, unlawful sexual intercourse) and Al‑Munkar (i.e. disbelief, polytheism, and every kind of evil wicked deed)al-Tawbah 9:34-35]
Concealing one’s zakaah is better than paying it openly in front of people, as Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):
“If you disclose your Sadaqaat (almsgiving), it is well; but if you conceal them and give them to the poor, that is better for you. (Allaah) will expiate you some of your sins. And Allaah is Well-Acquainted with what you do [al-Baqarah 2:271]
When a Muslim pays his zakaah, it is not permissible for him to give it to anyone except those whom Allaah mentions in the aayah (interpretation of the meaning):
“As-Sadaqaat (here it means Zakaah) are only for the Fuqaraa’ (poor), and Al‑Masaakeen (the poor) and those employed to collect (the funds); and to attract the hearts of those who have been inclined (towards Islam); and to free the captives; and for those in debt; and for Allaah’s Cause (i.e. for Mujahidoon — those fighting in a holy battle), and for the wayfarer (a traveller who is cut off from everything); a duty imposed by Allaah. And Allaah is All-Knower, All-Wisei.e. to say Takbeer (Allaahu Akbar: Allaah is the Most Great)] for having guided you so that you may be grateful to Him” [al-Baqarah 2:185]
There is a great reward with Allaah for fasting. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Every action of the son of Adam is multiplied, each good deed receiving a tenfold to seven hundredfold reward. Allaah said, ‘Except for fasting, for it is done for Me and I will give a reward for it, for he gives up his desire and food for My sake.’” (Narrated by Muslim, al-Siyaam)
The fifth pillar: Hajj (pilgrimage)
Allaah has given the Muslims a Qiblah (direction of prayer) which they face when they pray (salaah) and offer supplications (du’aa’), wherever they may be. This qiblah is the Ancient House (the Ka’bah) in Makkah al-Mukarramah:
“so turn your face in the direction of Al-Masjid Al-Haraam (at Makkah). And wheresoever you people are, turn your faces (in prayer) in that direction [al-Baqarah 2:144 – interpretation of the meaning]
Because the Muslims scattered all over the world, and Islam calls people to be united and get to know one another, just as it calls them to co-operate in righteousness and piety, to recommend one another to the truth, to call people to Allaah and to venerate the rituals of Allaah – hence Allaah has made it obligatory for every sane, adult Muslim who has the means, to visit His Ancient House, to circumambulate it and to perform all the rituals of Hajj as explained by Allaah and His Messenger. Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):
“And Hajj (pilgrimage to Makkah) to the House (Ka‘bah) is a duty that mankind owes to Allaah, those who can afford the expenses (for one’s conveyance, provision and residence); and whoever disbelieves [i.e. denies Hajj (pilgrimage to Makkah), then he is a disbeliever of Allaah], then Allaah stands not in need of any of the ‘Aalameen (mankind, jinn and all that exists)” [Aal Imraan 3:97]
Hajj is an occasion on which the unity of the Muslims, their strength and pride, are made manifest. For the Lord is One, the Book is one, the Messenger is one, the ummah is one, their worship is one and their clothing is one.
Hajj has its own etiquette and conditions which the Muslims must observe, such as restraining their tongues, hearing and sight from all that Allaah has forbidden, being sincere in their intentions, using money from good sources (for Hajj), fostering the best attitude, and avoiding everything that could invalidate the Hajj, such as sexual relations, sin or arguing unjustly, as Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):
“The Hajj (pilgrimage) is (in) the well-known (lunar year) months (i.e. the 10th month, the 11th month and the first ten days of the 12th month of the Islamic calendar, i.e. two months and ten days). So whosoever intends to perform Hajj therein (by assuming Ihraam), then he should not have sexual relations (with his wife), nor commit sin, nor dispute unjustly during the Hajj. And whatever good you do, (be sure) Allaah knows it. And take a provision (with you) for the journey, but the best provision is At-Taqwa (piety, righteousness). So fear Me, O men of understanding!
Read the entire page to understand about this third pillar of Islam
Zakah & Sadaqah
Understanding the difference between Sadaqa and Zakat
Definition of Zakah
A beautiful act of worship
Zakāt (Arabic: زكاة [zæˈkæːh], sometimes "Zakāh") or "alms giving", one of the Five Pillars of Islam.
The word ‘zakah’ denotes the amount of wealth (usually 2.5%) a Muslim must pay to particular
categories of underprivileged people, if their annual wealth exceeds a specific amount.Zakah is the third pillar of Islam.
Zakah is neither a tax nor a charity, it is an obligation to fulfil, and something for which we will be accountable to Allah directly.
means to "purify". It refers to the purification of a Muslim's wealth
and soul. Wealth purification denotes the mobilization of assets for the
purpose of financial growth and justified distribution. Purification of
the soul implies freedom from hatred, jealousy, selfishness, uneasiness
and greed. Other Qur'anic connotations include the purification of sin.
zakah is a fixed proportion collected from the surplus wealth and
earnings of a Muslim. It is then distributed to prescribed beneficiaries
and for the welfare as well as the infrastructure of a Muslim society
in general. This contribution is made payable by a Muslim once in every
lunar year (Islamic Calendar/Hijri).
is paid on the net balance after a Muslim has spent on basic
necessities, family expenses, due credits, donations and taxes. Every
Muslim male or female who at the end of the Hijri year is in possession
of the equivalent of 85 grams of gold or more in cash or articles of
trade, must pay his or her zakah at the minimum rate of 2.5%.
What Is Sadaqah?
is a voluntary act of giving alms 'fi sabillilah' (for the cause of
Allah), by Muslims who want to contribute more than their obligatory
zakah payment. Sadaqah may be given to mark or bring blessings to
occasions such as weddings, anniversaries, personal success or even
instances of sadness or bereavement. In short, sadaqah can be given
during any period of happiness or sadness or as a sign of gratitude to
Allah Subhanu wa Ta'ala.
In a Hadeeth Narrated Ibn Masud:
heard the Prophet (S.A.W.) saying, "There is no envy except in two: a
person whom Allah has given wealth and he spends it in the right way,
and a person whom Allah has given wisdom (i.e. religious knowledge) and
he gives his decisions accordingly and teaches it to others."
In another Hadeeth:
Prophet (S.A.W.) said: 'Charity is a necessity for every Muslim'. He
was then asked: 'What if a person has nothing?' The Prophet replied: 'He
should work with his own hands for his benefit and then give something
out of such earnings in charity.' The Companions asked: 'What if he is
not able to work?' The Prophet said: 'He should help poor and needy
persons'. The Companions further asked 'What if he cannot do even that?'
The Prophet said 'He should urge others to do good'. The Companions
said 'What if he lacks that also?' The Prophet said 'He should check
himself from doing evil. That is also charity'.
is optional charity that you can give whenever you want, as much as you
want, to any person/organisation that you feel needs it or will put it
to good use.
(Arabic is Zakah, Urdu is Zakat) is a compulsory 2.5% payment that a
person must give from their wealth. You can read more on the differences
There are a few conditions with zakah that have to be fulfilled before it becomes due on you:
1. Zakah only becomes due after the passing of a complete lunar year.
You must have a minimum amount of wealth that should not have gone
below a certain threshold over the course of this year. In Arabic, this
threshold is called the nisaab.
3. There are specific types of wealth on which zakah becomes due. I'll post a link later inshallah.
Zakah can be given to only certain specific people. This is a very
detailed discussion on this topic. If you don't understand some of the
words, please don't hesitate to ask.
Praise be to Allaah.
You must hasten to pay zakaah as soon as it become obligatory, because Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning): 套 and give Zakaah・ [al-Baqarah 2:110] And
because the situation of the poor means that help should be given to
them as soon as possible; delaying payment causes harm to them. And
hastening to pay it is furthest removed from miserliness and is more
likely to be on the safe side. This is what pleases the Lord. It should
not be delayed except in cases of necessity, such as delaying it in
order to give it to the one who is in more need, or because you do not
have cash in hand. It is also permissible to bring it forward and pay
zakaah before the time when it is due, because the Prophet (peace and
blessings of Allaah be upon him) made 羨bbaas pay the zakaah of two years
in advance. (Narrated by al-Tirmidhi, al-Zakaah, 615; classed as hasan by al-Albaani in Saheeh Sunan al-Tirmidhi). It may be paid in advance when all the conditions of zakaah being obligatory are met.
Islamic scholars interpret both Zakat and Sadaqaa as charity. And
whatever instruction Allah has given in the Quran in the following verse
for Sadaqaat they attribute it to Zakat.
[Sadaqaat] are for the poor and the needy, and those employed to
administer the (funds); for those whose hearts have been (recently)
reconciled (to Truth); for those in bondage and in debt; in the cause of
God; and for the wayfarer: (thus is it) ordained by God, and God is
full of knowledge and wisdom. [Yusuf Ali (9:60)]
first of all, why would Allah use two different terms if they mean
exactly the same thing? It does not make sense. Secondly, the Arabic
language also does not support it. While the root meaning of Zakat comes
from Z-K-W , meaning growth and development, the root meaning of
Sadaqaa comes from the root S-D-Q , meaning truth and power. Therefore,
all the words that are derived from this root will have these two
meanings (truth and power) embedded in them. Siddeeq is one who proves
his trust and belief by his actions. As-Sadaqatu is anything that is
given in the way of Allah voluntarily to prove one痴 promise and belief
in Him as opposed to Zakat, which is compulsory [Tajul 繕roos].
Therefore, Sadaqqa has a different purpose in Islam than Zakat and both
cannot be equated with each other. How can income tax (a compulsory
thing) be equated with charity (a voluntary thing)?
Zakat is one of the pillars of the Deen, it stands to reason that this
pillar must stand on a firm foundation. That firm foundation is
comprised of each Muslim痴 unshakable conviction, 100% commitment, utter
sincerity, and complete dedication to the belief that the Allah-owned
resources on the planet must be made available to all creatures and
human beings for their sustenance, nourishment, and growth.
Arabic word Zakat, with its root Z -K-W means growth and development. A
tree is nourished and grows in the presence of Allah-owned resources
such as the soil, the rain, the sun, and the air (56:63-72; 80:24-31).
Any interference in the flow of any of these resources will retard the
growth and development of the tree. Similarly, any individual, group,
government, or system which disrupts the natural flow of Allah-owned
resources on the planet to all human beings creates an imbalance in
society: the rich/poor, the master/slave, the owner/worker.
the West, this awareness is dawning in respect to plants, animal and
insect species which are becoming extinct due to this imbalance in
nature caused by the actions of human beings.
the global economic imbalance continues to grow unchecked because human
beings have refused, in their greed, to believe in the basic economic
principle of Zakat: unrestricted flow of resources to all human beings
(41:10, 50:11, 55:10, 56:73, 79:33, and 80:32).
is an obligatory form of "charity" expected from every Muslim
individual. This form of "charity" is an act of worship and a form of
social investment. Zakah is one the five pillars or fundamentals of
Islam. Zakah has also been scrupulously prescribed in the Holy Qur'an
(where it is mentioned in 30 verses of the Holy Qur'an) and Al Hadeeth.
Sadaqat are Non Obligatory Charity which is left to your consciousness and piety to help others when you can afford to.
is mandatory charity given during the month of Ramadan. There is a
specified percentage that needs to be given on your wealth and savings
which includes, precious metals like gold silver etc (even jewellery)
there are Sadaqa and sadaqatul jariya which are voluntary types of
charity that can be done at any time in any form. Sadaqa is just charity
in any form or kind and mostly a one time meritorious act.
Sadaqatul jariya - which is a little different and carries a greater benefit or more meritorius.
examples would be say
if someone decides to help dig a well for a particular town or village
to help the community. Each time the community benefits from that well,
the donor gets merits for donating his efforts to dig that well. So the
merits for this type of sadaqa is a life long thing although the act was
done just once.
another example would be
if someone donates the Quran or even educational books to someone to
read and learn from, the donor gets merited as the other person
benefits. Whent once the reading or learning by that person is over and
that person passes on that knowledge or books for someone else to learn
and benefit from and that person to another and so on, each time these
benefit someone the original donor and all others who kept passing the
education or good intentions will be merited as well.
Again this is a lifelong meritorius act by just one great act of sadaqa.
What Is Qurban?
qurban is an Arabic word which means sacrifice. In other parts of the
world, qurban is also known as qurbani. In Islam, qurbani/qurban is an
act of worship performed by Muslims on specific days (10th, 11th or 12th
of Thul hijjah in the Islamic calendar) whereby livestock are
slaughtered and distributed for consumption to the poor, and friends and
relatives of the performer.
Basic conditions of slaughtering during Qurban
The slaughtering process must be carried out in accordance to the Shari'ah.
animal should only be slaughtered with a sharp knife or object. It is
not permissible to use guns, electronic shock or carbon dioxide gas in
the slaughtering process.
The animal should be laid on its left side with its face pointing towards the Qibla and slaughtered quickly.
Before the animal is slaughtered, "Bismillah" (in the name of Allah) must be recited.
When slaughtering, at least three of the four veins in the throat of the animal must be cut.
The animal must be completely dead (or cold) before it can be skinned and cut into pieces.
The following animals can be slaughtered for qurbani:
a. Goats, either male or female, that are at least one year of age.
b. Sheep, either male or female, that are at least six months of age.
c. Cows, oxen, buffaloes that are at least two years of age.
d. Camels, male or female, that are at least five years of age.
person can offer either one goat or sheep, or one seventh of a cow,
buffalo or camel as qurbani, i.e. 7 people can agree to offer a cow,
buffalo or camel between them.
Animals that are impaired (i.e. blind or crippled) cannot be slaughtered for qurbani.
can only be carried out during the period of qurbani (i.e. during the
three days of Eid Adha - 10th, 11th and 12th of Zulhijjah). Animals that
are sacrificed outside this period will not be considered as qurbani.